Pisidian Antioch


Pisidian Antioch was was situated near the Anthius River, on fertile land, in the extreme northeast of Phrygia near Pisidia; the name that Strabo gives to the city is Antioch near (or towards) (pros) Pisidia (Geography, 12.6.4; Ptolemy, Geography, 5.). It was founded by Seleucus I or his son Antioch I and was orginally colonized by Magnesians who had formerly lived near the Maeander River during the Treaty of Apameia (190-188 BCE) (Strabo, Geography, 12.8.14).


The Cardo Maximus of Pisidian Antioch (Main Street Running North and South)




It remained independent until the Romans handed it over to Amyntas, King of Galatia, at an unknown date between 39-56 BCE. Upon the death of Amyntas Pisidian Antioch became a part of the Roman province of Galatia in 25 BC. In fact, it became a Roman military colony known as Colonia Caesareia Antiocheia. Many Roman veterans relocated to the city. (See Ramsay, The Cities of St. Paul, 247-308.)


Remains of the Temple of
at Pisidian Antioch



The city center consisted of two paved squares, the Square of Augustus built during the reign of Augustus and the Square of Tiberius built later in the reign of Tiberius. Entrance into the Square of Augustus from the Square of Tiberius was by means of a staircase consisting of twelve stairs and through the a triple-arched triumphal gateway (or propylon). At the east end of the Square of Augustus stood a temple dedicated to the deified Augustus.




Foundations of the
Synagogue in Pisidian Antioch